Rhythmic gymnastics is a kind of artistic gymnastics competition project for women. In fact, rhythmic gymnastics was not invented and created by people alone, but by the then French physiologist George Demedini, Swiss music teacher Del Crozes, German dance teacher Raban and modern gymnast Bordeaux and Mei Dao and others advocate that based on the beautiful natural body shape of women, they should perform various rhythmic artistic modeling and movement activities under the accompaniment of music, so as to develop the flexibility of the female body and form a correct and healthy body shape. The artistry and coordination of human movements.
At the time, Estonian Adler, who specializes in researching sports and medicine, and his student Koop, after a long-term commitment to creating harmonious research that met aesthetic requirements, alternated dynamic movements with relaxed streamlined movements. The prototype of rhythmic gymnastics with vitality and unique style. Rhythmic gymnastics is gradually formed on the basis of this long-term practice. In the 1950s, it was officially named artistic gymnastics.
The main items of rhythmic gymnastics include rope gymnastics, ball gymnastics, calisthenics, gymnastics, and stick gymnastics. It absorbs the essences of ballet, modern dance, folk dance, and acrobatics. It can not only cultivate the athlete's strength, dexterity, rhythm, etc. Quality, from the psychological and physiological point of view, more in line with the requirements of women's exercise, is a popular sport for modern women. At the end of the 19th century there were various body movement exercises accompanied by music. At the beginning of the 20th century, rhythmic gymnastics created by Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, a teacher at the Conservatory of Music in Switzerland, combined physical exercises with music, and from the initial unarmed development to the use of light devices. In 1962, it was determined by the International Gymnastics Federation as a competition event. The 1st World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championship was held in 1963 and was listed as an Olympic Games event in 1984.
Rhythmic gymnastics used to be only a women's event, but men, rhythmic gymnastics, men's rhythmic gymnastics have been performed in Japan, the United States, Canada, Australia, Russia, South Korea, Malaysia, and Mexico. The first World Man's Rhythmic Gymnastics Championship was held from November 27 to 29, 2003. Different from the women's events, the women's artistic gymnastics mainly include: rope exercises, calisthenics, ball exercises, stick gymnastics, and belt exercise; while men usually do not have ball games and stick gymnastics, but they do participate in stick gymnastics. But Spain's Ruben Orihuela has mentored all women's events at the same time; its body is not less flexible than any female rhythmic gymnast.
The word "gymnastic" was introduced to China in the 19th century. However, many activities similar to gymnastics, such as the famous medical gymnastics "Ba Duan Jin" and the ups and downs of ancient folk heritage, have a long history in China. Gymnastics has become a specialized sports competition activity, especially as a competitive gymnastics, and has undergone a period of development and improvement.
Taking the Olympic Games as an example, the 1st Athens Olympic Games in 1896 established pommel horses, rings, vaults, parallel bars and horizontal bars, as well as climbing ropes. But there is no free exercise program, and only men's gymnastics.
In the future Olympic Games, gymnastics competitions have added gymnastics, such as firearms (later changed to light gymnastics), Swedish gymnastics, and European gymnastics. At the 10th Olympic Games in Los Angeles in 1932, free gymnastics was added, which allowed athletic gymnastics to take shape. At the 11th Olympic Games in Berlin in 1936, gymnastics actually formed the current six men's competitions; light gymnastics, Swedish and European gymnastics competitions were eliminated from men's gymnastics competitions. The Olympic Games also set up women's gymnastics competitions, but the perfection and finalization of the women's competitions was completed at the 17th Rome Olympic Games in 1960. In 1984, the 23rd Los Angeles Olympics, rhythmic gymnastics was listed as an official competition. In 2000, the 27th Sydney Olympic Games, trampoline was listed as an official competition.
Rhythmic gymnastics is an emerging sports project. It was widely developed in sports academies with its unique charm in the 1980s. With the development of society, the project has had a greater impact in China.
Artistic Gymnastics The 23rd Olympic Games in 1984 was listed as a competition event. The rhythmic gymnastics is conducive to the development of people's physical fitness such as coordination, flexibility and dexterity, and it is also a means to carry out aesthetic education. The late 19th century and early 20th century originated in Europe. E.J. Dalcroze, a professor at the Geneva Academy of Music in Switzerland, created rhythmic movements, trained listening movements and improvisations in order to achieve a combination of physical activity and music. He used his physical movement to express his musical rhythm. One of the founders of modern dance, Germany's L. Von Raban, founded "school-education dance" on the basis of modern dance and contributed to the formation of artistic gymnastics.
In the 1920s, artistic gymnastics gradually developed into a competitive sports program. The 6 Olympic Games between 1928 and 1956 required that women's teams in each country must participate in a light equipment gymnastics competition composed of 6-8 people. This has become the initial form of the international rhythmic gymnastics competition. In 1962, the International Gymnastics Federation determined that artistic gymnastics was a women's competition. The 1st World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships was held in Budapest, Hungary in 1963.
Since the first time China took part in the Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships in 1981, the artistic gymnastics has experienced more than 20 years of development. At the 2008 Olympic Games, the Chinese team achieved an unprecedented breakthrough and won a collective silver medal, despite the dominant advantage in the silver medal. It is not appropriate for senior figures in rhythmic gymnastics to say how much weight they have, and they still have great hopes for the development prospects of Chinese rhythmic gymnastics. Looking at the status quo of the development of Chinese rhythmic gymnastics, and discussing the scientific and complete training system, improving the ranks of coaches, giving full play to the advantages of the younger coaches, the arrangement of complete sets of movements, the cultivation of reserve forces, and so on. The Development Trend of Rhythmic Gymnastics and the Development Direction of Chinese Competitive Rhythmic Gymnastics