Floor exercise takes place in an area of 12 mx 12 m. There is a 2m safe area outside the competition area. A layer of carpet is placed on the playing field, a layer of elastic sponge is under the carpet, and a layer of spring-loaded wood is under the sponge. Women's competitions have soundtracks.
Pommel originated from the Vaulting Project. In 1804, the famous German gymnast Gutsmutesi replaced the horse's saddle with a pair of iron rings, and the back hoop was replaced by a wooden ring to form the current pommel horse. The height of the pommel horse is 1.05 meters (measured from the upper edge of the mat), and the lower zipper is fixed to the ground hook and can be raised and lowered.
The rings originated in France. Their formation was related to the performance of acrobatic suspended ropes and was later introduced to Italy and Germany. In 1842, Spies of Germany produced the first ring in the world and became an independent men's competition in the second half of the 19th century. The rings are wooden and round and are suspended from a stand with a height of 5.80 meters by a steel cable. The two rings are 50 centimeters apart. The wooden ring and the cable are connected by a belt or a canvas belt, and the length can be adjusted. The ring height is 2.60 meters (measured from the top of the mat).
Vaulting originates from the riding training of the end of the Roman Empire. Jumped to the real horse at the beginning, later changed to a horse with a similar appearance to the real horse, and equipped with a saddle. In 1719, the horse's legs were changed into columns. In 1795, Weis in Germany first removed the horse's horse head. In 1811, Yang removed the horse's tail and changed both ends to a round shape. The horse body was wrapped in leather. All vaulting must be carried out with both hands. The length of run-up is based on personal arrangements. The man's vault height is 1.35 meters (measured from the ground) and the woman's vault height is 1.25 meters (measured from the ground). Vaulting horses can go up and down and can be shared by men and women.
Parallel bars originated in Germany. In 1811, German gymnast Jacques installed this gymnastic device for the first time at the Hasenheide gymnasium on the outskirts of Berlin. In the 1940s, it became an independent competition. The parallel bars consist of four uprights and two parallel wooden bars. The bar is 3.50 meters long and the spacing and height of the bars can be adjusted. The height of the parallel bars is 1.80 meters (measured from the upper edge of the mat).
Horizontal bar originated in Germany. At the end of the 18th century, the acrobatic performances of western European countries appeared to seize the action of the steel wire. Inspired by this, in 1811 the German gymnast Jan used a wooden bar to replace the wires of acrobatic performances in the Hassund Stadium in the outskirts of Berlin and installed the world for the first time. The first horizontal bar. In 1812, the bar was changed to iron and later to steel. The bar's elasticity and endurance increased. The 18th century became an independent competition project. The bar is 2.40 meters long, 2.8 cm in diameter and 2.60 meters high. Both ends of the bar are fixed on the pillars.
The uneven bars begin in Europe. The bar is made of fiberglass, oval, 2.40 meters long, high bar 2.50 meters high, low bar 1.70 meters high, the bar spacing can be adjusted between 1.10-1.40 meters.
Balance Beam originated in the Roman era of BC. At the end of the 18th century, German gymnasts used it as an aid for gymnastics training and later passed to European and American countries. The balance beam was initially round, with both ends and center supported by brackets. At the beginning of the 19th century, German gymnast Gutsmutesi designed the balance beam as a plane and placed it on the ground. In 1845, it became a women's gymnastics project. The balance beam is a square wooden strip, 5 meters long, 10 centimeters wide and 1.25 meters high from the ground.